Criminal offences in the family
(Brott inom familjen)
Violence and threats are always considered abuse of another person and a violation of Swedish law. Under the European Convention on Human Rights, nobody should have to be the victim of violence.
Domestic violence refers to offences committed by a partner, parent, sibling or other relative. Physical, psychological or sexual violence may be involved. Or one person may control, coerce, threaten or physically confine the other person. All types of domestic violence may lead to imprisonment.
These types of offences are found in all social groups, types of relationships and parts of the world. They usually occur in the home. There may be various reasons for violence and oppression. Violence and threats are sometimes associated with alcohol, drugs or mental disease. Jealousy, or the desire of one person to maintain power and control over someone else, is often present. Violence can also be due to the concept of honour. In such cases, the life of a girl, woman or boy is controlled and restricted to “protect the family’s honour.”
How are children affected?
(Hur påverkas barnen?)
Children in a family where violence occurs almost always suffer either physically or psychologically. They may experience anxiety or depression, or they may be more aggressive than other children. That is usually the case even when it appears that the child has not witnessed or noticed the violence or threats. Swedish law considers a child who has witnessed domestic violence to be a victim.
Notifying the police
It is important for the victim of a criminal offence to notify the police. A police report may be a way to end the violence and abuse.